The main components of the internal combustion engine, engine blocks, cylinder heads, cylinders, pistons, valves, and crankshaft. At the bottom of the engines, called the engine blocks, the cylinder houses the piston and Crankshaft Grinding the crankshaft. No other engine components or systems of screws loose in the engine blocks. The unit will be built with the internal rules of lubricants and refrigerants. The engine blocks of a cast of iron or aluminum and consists of a series of round cylinders.
Summit is the engine of values. Screwed to the top of the window, seal the top of the cylinder. The piston compresses the air and fuel into the cylinder before ignition. The rod connects to the bottom of the piston to the crankshaft. Camp 2 ends of the rod in turn, transfer the vertical motion of the piston effect crankshaft rotation, or torque. Movement of the piston, crankshaft rotates at a speed of 600 to several thousand revolutions per minute (rpm) depending on the amount of fuel delivered to the cylinders.
Gasoline vapors and exhaust gases leaving the combustion chamber through openings in the cylinder is under the control valves. The other side of the stem mechanically connected to a crankshaft, there is a round bar with the wrong form of shares in engine block or cylinder head is connected. Intake valves open, because the fuel in the combustion chambers in operation. Drain valve open so that the exhaust gases.
Belt or chain links the crankshaft to the shaft. Blogs in internal combustion engines used in the first drawings and in accordance V line, so that the bottles are arranged in a line on the crankshaft. Design of two cylinder banks in the corner of the form V in the bottom of the V that is the crankshaft. Setting Line 6 or 8 cylinders issues require a long time mostly trucks than cars. The design allows the V same number of cylinders in the chamber, installation, shorter but wider. Another explanation may be the ultimate engine, places to see a flat horizontal floor or against the agreement, in which the crankshaft between the two parts of cylinders.
Engines more fuel, such as size and number of cores increases. Most modern cars in the USA 4 -, 6 – or 8-cylinder engines and car engines are designed with 1, 2, 3, 5, 12 and a few bottles.
Diesel engines, often in large trucks and buses, are comparable to gasoline-powered engines, internal combustion engines, but I have another ignition system. Diesel compression of air in the cylinder with more power than the petrol engine produces temperatures hot enough fuel in contact with fire. Some vehicles rotary engines, also known as engines Winkle number, known in elliptic triangular rotors instead of pistons in place.
Electric motors used to power the car at the end of 1800. Electricity generated by the battery, the only car, which turns the shaft after shaft engine power is transmitted to the axle. General Motors Corporation introduced a series of fully electric vehicles in mid-1990.
The engine, which combines two or more types of hybrid engines, is called. Typical hybrid electric batteries with a generator to charge a small amount of gas or diesel engine to control these hybrids are known as hybrid electric vehicles (massage). In focus more on electricity and less fuel consumption, hybrid electric vehicles are really efficient and emit less pollution. Several automakers have experimented with hybrids.
In 1997 Japan manufactured the first hybrid car and sold in North America. It was the starting point of the creation of modern cars now.